Why does pneemo® use a 4-6 breathing rhythm?

Much research has been conducted into breathing rhythms, with many studies agreeing that longer exhalation is more beneficial.

The vagus nerve is a cranial nerve complex that, among other things, functions to relay relaxation from the central nervous system to the body. Activity of the vagus nerve is modulated by breathing, which is suppressed during inhalation and activated during exhalation6. Prolonged exhalation therefore results in a signal of relaxation by the vagus nerve, which in turn leads to increased vagus nerve activity and further relaxation.

That explains why exhalation is longer than inhalation, so why 4-6 specifically?

The typical respiratory rate in normal adults is 12-15 breaths per minute5. Reducing this to just 6 breaths per minute via slow paced breathing (which is achieved with pneemo®’s 4-6 rhythm), has been shown to maximise heart rate variability (HRV). This is an important effect, as reduced HRV is closely associated with a number of stress-related disorders.

Can’t I just count?

In theory, yes.

But your counting is unlikely to be as accurate as pneemo’s precisely programmed rhythm. Additionally, when you’re under stress or in a state of panic, having to rely on yourself to regulate your breathing is an added pressure and contradictory to the practice of slow paced breathing.

Allow pneemo® to do the hard work for you so that you can focus solely on inhaling and exhaling to achieve calm and control.

My phone and smartwatch has an app – is that the same?

No, not quite the same.

Vibrations from a mobile phone are often received as an alert or alarm, which is counterintuitive to the calming effect of slow paced breathing. Using pneemo to regulate your breathing is the quickest and calmest way to regain control.

pneemo® is more quickly and easily accessed during an emergency. Speed is imperative, particularly in attacks of anxiety, panic and fear. Because hyperventilation is often the precursor to these attacks, it’s important to be able to regain control as quickly as possible, and pneemo® is the fastest way to do so.

Is it safe for my child to use?


Not only is it safe, but it’s encouraged for children with anxiety disorders, ADHD and behavioural issues.

How long do I need to breathe alongside pneemo® for?

For as long as you need to feel in control.

You know your body best, and once you’re acquainted with pneemo®, you’ll learn how much time you need to achieve calm. Research indicates that this is generally 3-10 minutes, but pneemo® will continue its rhythm for up to 15 minutes before automatically switching off (though you can stop this sooner if necessary).

My grandmother is blind. Can she use it?


pneemo® can be worn around the neck with its attractive Swiss-made ribbon lanyard. We designed it this way to allow quick and easy access in an emergency. Once your grandmother learns where the power button is, she can easily activate pneemo®’s rhythm and the vibrations will function as her cue to inhale and exhale.

This is also true for anyone with hearing problems and is why we describe pneemo® as your security blanket and companion. It is portable, reliable and can be used by anyone anywhere.

Do you have a question that hasn't been answered? Contact us and we can help you.